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What is Cardiomyopathy | Hypertrophic

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What is Cardiomyopathy | Hypertrophic

What is Cardiomyopathy | Hypertrophic

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) describes a thickening of heart muscle, generally leading to obstruction to the emptying of blood from the heart. This in flip results in dizziness, breathlessness, chest ache and on events fainting, significantly throughout or simply after train. Some sufferers can even pay attention to palpitations as a consequence of an adjunct pathway (see Wolff Parkinson White Syndrome) or ventricular tachycardia, a quick rhythm arising from both of the 2 major pumping chambers of the heart (ventricles). Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic situation, and due to this fact generally present in different relations.

Cardiac investigations resembling an ECG and echocardiography (cardiac ultrasound) are often diagnostic, however coronary angiography could also be required to exclude the presence of coronary illness. Some sufferers may additionally require a biopsy of heart muscle to ascertain the prognosis. An electrophysiological research (electrical examine of the heart) could also be required to evaluate the reason for palpitations and set up the placement of an adjunct pathway in these with Wolff Parkinson White syndrome to facilitate catheter ablation. Remedy choices embrace drug remedy to scale back the obstruction to heart emptying, antiarrhythmic drug remedy, catheter ablation of an adjunct pathway, and an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) for these liable to sudden cardiac demise.

 

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